ACP ENVIRONMENTAL OBSERVATORY
Status and Trends in the African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States

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Biodiversity

Biodiversity

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Eritrea

Capital: Asmara
World Bank Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
World Bank Income level: Low income
Key Statistics & Quick Links
Land area (km2): 101,000 (2007)
 
Population (people): 4,406,299 (2007)
 
Population density (people per km2 land area): 43.63 (2007)
 
Population growth (annual): 2.3% (2007)
 
Life expectancy at birth (years): 60 (2007)
 
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 44 (2007)
 
GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): $1,388.51 (2007)
 
GDP growth (annual): 1.4% (2007)
Key Statistics & Quick Links: Biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area): 15.3% (2007)
 
Primary forest extent (1000 hectares): 0 (2010)
 
Extent of FSC certified forests (hectares): No data
 
Terrestrial protected area (% of land area): 5.04% (2014)
 
Marine protected area (% of Exclusive Economic Zone): 0.00% (2014)

 
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Map Legend
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Protected Area Details
To get information about a protected area, enable the All Protected Areas (UNEP-WCMC) layer in the Map Layers and click on a protected area in the map.
All Protected Areas over 100km2
Name WDPA ID (Link to DOPA) WDPA ID (Link to BIOPAMA) Area (km2) IUCN Management Category
Dahlac 7394 7394 652 Not Reported
Gash-Setit 7395 7395 812 IV
Nakfa 7393 7393 1743 IV
Yob 7392 7392 3348 IV
CSV
Terrestrial Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
East Sudanian savanna 2.25 5.63 24.28 0.49 0.11
Eritrean coastal desert 1.45 0.0 0.0 63.25 100.0
Ethiopian montane forests 7.74 3.63 10.02 6.23 2.26
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands 3.63 2.21 8.59 2.96 0.76
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands 19.69 1.63 4.64 25.73 9.02
Sahelian Acacia savanna 23.13 7.54 10.75 1.52 1.06
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets 2.47 21.17 11.19 0.47 0.89
CSV
Marine Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Gulf of Aden 1.2 0.0 4.15 3.89 0.0
Southern Red Sea 31.39 0.0 0.53 39.52 0.0
CSV
Number of Amphibian, Bird and Mammal Species
Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Amphibia
19 0 0 0 0 0 19 0
Aves
560 16 2 6 8 20 524 0
Mammalia
124 8 1 1 6 7 97 12
Selected Indicator Trends
CSV
CSV
This World Bank indicator is not available for this country
CSV