ACP ENVIRONMENTAL OBSERVATORY
Status and Trends in the African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States

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Biodiversity

Biodiversity

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Jamaica

Capital: Kingston
World Bank Region: Latin America & Caribbean
World Bank Income level: Upper middle income
Key Statistics & Quick Links
Land area (km2): 10,830 (2007)
 
Population (people): 2,704,606 (2007)
 
Population density (people per km2 land area): 249.73 (2007)
 
Population growth (annual): 0.5% (2007)
 
Life expectancy at birth (years): 74 (2007)
 
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 17 (2007)
 
GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): $8,393.72 (2007)
 
GDP growth (annual): 1.4% (2007)
Key Statistics & Quick Links: Biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area): 31.2% (2007)
 
Primary forest extent (1000 hectares): 87.7 (2010)
 
Extent of FSC certified forests (hectares): No data
 
Terrestrial protected area (% of land area): 15.89% (2014)
 
Marine protected area (% of Exclusive Economic Zone): 0.75% (2014)

 
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Map Legend
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Protected Area Details
To get information about a protected area, enable the All Protected Areas (UNEP-WCMC) layer in the Map Layers and click on a protected area in the map.
All Protected Areas over 100km2
Name WDPA ID (Link to DOPA) WDPA ID (Link to BIOPAMA) Area (km2) IUCN Management Category
Blue and John Crow Mountains 28856 28856 495 Not Reported
Blue Mountain Forest Reserve 28905 28905 456 VI
Cockpit Country 28941 28941 222 VI
Negril 13676 13676 185 Not Reported
Ocho Rios 202 202 133 Not Reported
Portland Bight 220101 220101 1973 V
Portland Bight Wetlands and Cays 902859 902859 518 Not Reported
CSV
Terrestrial Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Bahamian-Antillean mangroves 0.17 39.69 27.51 2.48 3.57
Jamaican dry forests 0.9 19.8 19.8 100.0 100.0
Jamaican moist forests 3.23 13.6 13.6 100.0 100.0
CSV
Marine Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Greater Antilles 7.97 8.74 12.02 15.97 11.61
Southwestern Caribbean 0.07 0.0 9.84 0.1 0.0
CSV
Number of Amphibian, Bird and Mammal Species
Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Amphibia
25 15 6 8 1 3 6 1
Aves
260 10 2 2 6 14 235 0
Mammalia
50 7 1 2 4 1 30 12
Selected Indicator Trends
CSV
CSV
CSV
This World Bank indicator is not available for this country
CSV