ACP ENVIRONMENTAL OBSERVATORY
Status and Trends in the African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States

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Biodiversity

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Mozambique

Capital: Maputo
World Bank Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
World Bank Income level: Low income
Key Statistics & Quick Links
Land area (km2): 786,380 (2007)
 
Population (people): 22,359,637 (2007)
 
Population density (people per km2 land area): 28.43 (2007)
 
Population growth (annual): 2.8% (2007)
 
Life expectancy at birth (years): 52 (2007)
 
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 82 (2007)
 
GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): $772.43 (2007)
 
GDP growth (annual): 7.4% (2007)
Key Statistics & Quick Links: Biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area): 50.4% (2007)
 
Primary forest extent (1000 hectares): 0 (2010)
 
Extent of FSC certified forests (hectares): 46240 (2011)
 
Terrestrial protected area (% of land area): 17.21% (2014)
 
Marine protected area (% of Exclusive Economic Zone): 2.21% (2014)

 
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Protected Area Details
To get information about a protected area, enable the All Protected Areas (UNEP-WCMC) layer in the Map Layers and click on a protected area in the map.
All Protected Areas over 100km2
Name WDPA ID (Link to DOPA) WDPA ID (Link to BIOPAMA) Area (km2) IUCN Management Category
Baixo Pinda 7941 7941 199 VI
Banhine 799 799 6051 IV
Bazaruto 802 802 1360 Not Reported
Bloco A Luwiri 342511 342511 3185 V
Bloco B Kambaco 342512 342512 2199 Not Reported
Bloco C Luwiri 342513 342513 4519 IV
Bloco D Desocupado 342514 342514 2226 Not Reported
Bloco D2 Dr. Read 342515 342515 3424 Not Reported
Bloco E Niassa Hunter 342516 342516 4024 V
Coutada Oficial N0. 12 303675 303675 2715 IV
Coutada Oficial No 4 342678 342678 3196 Not Reported
Coutada Oficial No 5 342679 342679 6390 Not Reported
Coutada Oficial No. 10 303676 303676 2598 Not Reported
Coutada Oficial No. 11 303674 303674 1866 Not Reported
Coutada Oficial No. 13 303680 303680 5908 Not Reported
Coutada Oficial No. 14 303677 303677 645 Not Reported
Coutada Oficial No. 15 303678 303678 1311 Not Reported
Coutada Oficial No. 6 303679 303679 3042 Not Reported
Coutada Oficial No. 7 303681 303681 4766 Not Reported
Coutada Oficial No. 8 303682 303682 316 Not Reported
Coutada Oficial No. 9 303683 303683 3763 Not Reported
Derre 7943 7943 1580 Not Reported
Gilé 4650 4650 2840 Not Reported
Gorongosa 801 801 3675 Not Reported
Licuati 7951 7951 141 Not Reported
Limpopo 20295 20295 10495 Not Reported
Maputo 4652 4652 1040 Not Reported
Maronga 7948 7948 150 Not Reported
Marromeu 4649 4649 1556 Not Reported
Matibane 7942 7942 109 Not Reported
Mecuburi 7938 7938 2381 II
Moribane 342677 342677 161 II
Mupalué 342675 342675 274 II
Niassa 4651 4651 22720 II
Pomene 4653 4653 127 II
Primeiras and Segundas 342681 342681 24590 Not Reported
Quirimbas 9035 9035 8097 IV
Regime de Vigilância da Extinta Coutada No. 1 (Piro) 303685 303685 1294 Not Reported
Regime de Vigilância da Extinta Coutada No. 3 (Nkanga Ntoce) 303684 303684 1078 VI
Ribáuè 7939 7939 129 Not Assigned
Zinave 800 800 3891 Not Assigned
Zona de Vigilancia da REM 342676 342676 1148 IV
CSV
Terrestrial Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
East African mangroves 0.56 16.33 22.65 47.55 34.29
Eastern Miombo woodlands 20.7 19.15 25.46 58.32 43.88
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic 0.07 11.88 14.13 12.71 10.69
Lake 0.51 0.0 7.94 0.67 0.0
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic 1.32 11.25 14.8 59.5 45.24
Southern Africa bushveld 0.02 7.96 12.27 0.1 0.07
Southern Africa mangroves 0.01 92.54 23.01 9.75 39.2
Southern Miombo woodlands 9.31 10.27 16.79 31.08 19.01
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic 0.1 0.0 20.23 4.1 0.0
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic 9.31 15.23 14.14 86.37 93.04
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands 13.83 21.76 39.5 39.84 21.94
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna 1.43 26.63 26.63 100.0 100.0
Zambezian flooded grasslands 0.13 0.05 64.45 1.15 0.0
Zambezian halophytics 0.6 1.84 20.84 27.09 2.39
CSV
Marine Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Bight of Sofala/Swamp Coast 4.36 13.68 13.68 100.0 100.0
Delagoa 1.88 4.86 7.47 92.5 60.14
East African Coral Coast 0.93 4.03 17.38 27.88 6.47
CSV
Number of Amphibian, Bird and Mammal Species
Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Amphibia
82 5 1 3 1 0 77 0
Aves
726 29 1 10 18 26 671 0
Mammalia
267 15 1 5 9 9 219 24
Selected Indicator Trends
CSV
CSV
CSV
This World Bank indicator is not available for this country
CSV