ACP ENVIRONMENTAL OBSERVATORY
Status and Trends in the African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States

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Biodiversity

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Nigeria

Capital: Abuja
World Bank Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
World Bank Income level: Lower middle income
Key Statistics & Quick Links
Land area (km2): 910,770 (2007)
 
Population (people): 147,152,502 (2007)
 
Population density (people per km2 land area): 161.57 (2007)
 
Population growth (annual): 2.6% (2007)
 
Life expectancy at birth (years): 50 (2007)
 
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 90 (2007)
 
GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): $4,266.96 (2007)
 
GDP growth (annual): 6.8% (2007)
Key Statistics & Quick Links: Biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area): 11.3% (2007)
 
Primary forest extent (1000 hectares): 54 (2010)
 
Extent of FSC certified forests (hectares): No data
 
Terrestrial protected area (% of land area): 14.18% (2014)
 
Marine protected area (% of Exclusive Economic Zone): 0.02% (2014)

 
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Protected Area Details
To get information about a protected area, enable the All Protected Areas (UNEP-WCMC) layer in the Map Layers and click on a protected area in the map.
All Protected Areas over 100km2
Name WDPA ID (Link to DOPA) WDPA ID (Link to BIOPAMA) Area (km2) IUCN Management Category
Adoru 36860 36860 332 Not Reported
Afaka 36562 36562 152 Not Reported
Afi Mountain 354003 354003 104 Not Reported
Afi River 36919 36919 310 Not Reported
Agbaja 36769 36769 147 Not Reported
Ago-Owu 36818 36818 239 Not Reported
Ajaokuta 36847 36847 100 Not Reported
Akpatakum 36853 36853 100 Not Reported
Akure-Ofosu 36842 36842 392 Not Reported
Akwana East 36644 36644 198 Not Reported
Ala 36841 36841 193 Not Reported
Alawa 36556 36556 311 Not Reported
Alawa 7864 7864 670 Not Reported
Ambakar 36736 36736 152 Not Reported
Anambra 36934 36934 151 Not Reported
Anambra 7845 7845 151 Not Reported
Anara 36538 36538 226 Not Reported
Anchau West 36401 36401 129 Not Reported
Apoi Creek 37034 37034 186 Not Reported
Apoi Creek Forests 903104 903104 297 Not Reported
Auya 36435 36435 361 Not Reported
Aworo 37039 37039 249 Not Reported
Babban Rafi 36181 36181 157 Not Reported
Bagele Hill 36704 36704 159 Not Reported
Bakura Tureta 36342 36342 608 Not Reported
Bam Ngelzarma 36427 36427 108 Not Reported
Baturiya Wetland 903105 903105 1011 Not Reported
Baturiya Wetlands 7872 7872 686 IV
Belare 36336 36336 138 Not Reported
Birnin Gwari 36374 36374 320 Not Reported
Bissaula 36900 36900 221 Not Reported
Borgu 36573 36573 3289 Not Reported
Bunu 36768 36768 445 Not Reported
Burra West 36535 36535 166 Not Reported
Central Shendam 36726 36726 147 Not Reported
Central Wase 36688 36688 382 Not Reported
Chokochoko 36844 36844 173 Not Reported
Cross River 20299 20299 3297 II
Cross River North 37009 37009 167 Not Reported
Cross River South 37010 37010 806 Not Reported
Dabaga 36340 36340 114 Not Reported
Dagida 7863 7863 365 IV
Dagidda 36583 36583 303 Not Reported
Damri 36344 36344 173 Not Reported
Dankaiwa 36322 36322 579 Not Reported
Dapchi 36243 36243 336 Not Reported
Dende 36349 36349 344 Not Reported
Dep River 36721 36721 330 Not Reported
Dogan Dawa 36375 36375 406 Not Reported
Dogwandaji 36338 36338 361 Not Reported
Doka 36602 36602 267 Not Reported
Doma 36746 36746 989 Not Reported
Doro 36574 36574 457 Not Reported
East Anka 36326 36326 328 Not Reported
Ebba 36761 36761 335 Not Reported
Ebbe/Kampe 7834 7834 936 Not Reported
Ebor 300893 300893 176 Not Reported
Ekenwan 36988 36988 211 Not Reported
Ekiadolor 36984 36984 237 Not Reported
Ekiadolor 300883 300883 458 Not Reported
Ekinta River 37014 37014 160 Not Reported
Falgore (Kogin Kano) 7875 7875 554 IV
Farfar 36176 36176 207 Not Reported
Farin Ruwa 36420 36420 206 Not Reported
Forest Reserve Name Unknown (NGA) No.22 300702 300702 156 Not Reported
Fuchi 36448 36448 180 Not Reported
Galma 36536 36536 185 Not Reported
Gambari 36817 36817 172 Not Reported
Gashaka-Gumti 7873 7873 5868 II
Gilli-Gilli 36989 36989 310 Not Reported
Gilli-Gilli 7844 7844 310 IV
Giru 36351 36351 159 Not Reported
Gombole 36452 36452 316 Not Reported
Goronyo 36175 36175 210 Not Reported
Gujba 36431 36431 408 Not Reported
Gujba 62088 62088 408 Not Reported
Gulbin Ka 36345 36345 2014 Not Reported
Gumsi 36204 36204 143 Not Reported
Gundumi 36177 36177 900 Not Reported
Gwaiyo 36241 36241 108 Not Reported
Gwanara 36575 36575 700 Not Reported
Ibaji-Ojok 36862 36862 391 Not Reported
Idanre 36977 36977 558 Not Reported
Ife 36819 36819 142 Not Reported
Ifon 300863 300863 270 Not Reported
Ifon 7463 7463 496 Not Reported
Igangan 36801 36801 392 Not Reported
Iguobazuwa 36980 36980 307 Not Reported
Ijaiye 36807 36807 245 Not Reported
Illela 36324 36324 318 Not Reported
Illoka'oje 36352 36352 573 Not Reported
Isa Zurmi 36182 36182 412 Not Reported
Ivi-Ada-Obi 36928 36928 182 Not Reported
Iwa River 36581 36581 374 Not Reported
Jagali 36506 36506 124 Not Reported
Jajere 36246 36246 208 Not Reported
Jarawa Hill 300737 300737 187 Not Reported
Jauro River 36513 36513 178 Not Reported
Jimbum 36248 36248 118 Not Reported
Kagurna 36564 36564 170 Not Reported
Kainji Lake 819 819 5824 II
Kakanda Hills 36764 36764 369 Not Reported
Kalalawa 36245 36245 207 Not Reported
Kambari 11596 11596 428 IV
Kambari 36710 36710 359 Not Reported
Kampe River 36759 36759 601 Not Reported
Kamuku 7874 7874 346 II
Kande River 36722 36722 121 Not Reported
Karfe Binji 36167 36167 639 Not Reported
Karlahi 36706 36706 102 Not Reported
Kasanu 300720 300720 254 Not Reported
Kashimbila 11597 11597 1065 IV
Katerma 36566 36566 164 Not Reported
Kawara 36343 36343 446 Not Reported
Kirfi Hill 36474 36474 159 Not Reported
Kogin Kano 36389 36389 757 Not Reported
Kogo 62087 62087 639 Not Reported
Kogo 36378 36378 639 Not Reported
Kona 36553 36553 205 Not Reported
Kpashimi 36757 36757 229 Not Reported
Kukar Jangara 36331 36331 328 Not Reported
Kusur 36227 36227 261 Not Reported
Kuyambana 5156 5156 1708 Not Reported
Kwaimbana 300710 300710 2603 Not Reported
Kwari Kwasa 36350 36350 132 Not Reported
Labar 36559 36559 133 Not Reported
Lafiagi 36776 36776 104 Not Reported
Lafiagi Oro 300793 300793 740 Not Reported
Laigbede 36792 36792 125 Not Reported
Lake Chad Wetlands in Nigeria 903113 903113 6038 Not Reported
Lame 36512 36512 1497 Not Reported
Lame-Burra 7860 7860 2337 IV
Lanlate 36806 36806 106 Not Reported
Lema 36165 36165 590 Not Reported
Libere 36552 36552 124 Not Reported
Lower Kaduna-Middle Niger Floodplain 903108 903108 2285 Not Reported
Mai-Ido 36551 36551 207 Not Reported
Maje Abuchi 36635 36635 126 Not Reported
Mallamji 36339 36339 848 Not Reported
Mando 36557 36557 152 Not Reported
Mando Road North 36560 36560 110 Not Reported
Mando Road South 36561 36561 125 Not Reported
Maradun 36323 36323 357 Not Reported
Marbe 36365 36365 341 Not Reported
Marguba 36441 36441 353 Not Reported
Maru Bongudu 36376 36376 196 Not Reported
Matsena 36203 36203 139 Not Reported
Meko 36800 36800 747 Not Reported
Meko 11599 11599 747 Not Reported
Mohono 36334 36334 103 Not Reported
Ngohingulde 36467 36467 146 Not Reported
North Tangaza 36166 36166 448 Not Reported
Oban Group 37013 37013 2192 Not Reported
Obaretin 36986 36986 111 Not Reported
Odugebe 37038 37038 169 Not Reported
Ohaodo-Mbanasa 36946 36946 572 Not Reported
Ohosu 36978 36978 494 Not Reported
Ohosu 7838 7838 494 Not Reported
Oinye 36767 36767 100 Not Reported
Okeluse 36983 36983 144 Not Reported
Okomu 36979 36979 1116 II
Okomu 7465 7465 1116 Not Reported
Okpara 300796 300796 2533 Not Reported
Okura Iyale 36856 36856 185 Not Reported
Olague 36994 36994 233 Not Reported
Old Oyo 26625 26625 2369 II
Ologbo 36987 36987 181 Not Reported
Ologholo-Emu-Urho 36943 36943 115 Not Reported
Oluwa 36971 36971 824 Not Reported
Omo 36820 36820 1319 Not Reported
Onishere 36976 36976 111 Not Reported
Opandha 36855 36855 113 Not Reported
Opara 5177 5177 2157 Not Reported
Orle River 36867 36867 452 Not Reported
Orle River 7843 7843 452 IV
Osara 36846 36846 581 Not Reported
Osomari 36998 36998 136 Not Reported
Otamiri River 37003 37003 173 Not Reported
Owo 36840 36840 233 Not Reported
Pai River 7856 7856 158 Not Reported
Pai River 36689 36689 495 Not Reported
Pandam and Wase Lakes 903111 903111 198 Not Reported
Panshanu 36514 36514 194 Not Reported
Puissa 36572 36572 102 Not Reported
Raganda 36569 36569 132 Not Reported
Rakuma 36333 36333 221 Not Reported
Ribako 36537 36537 199 Not Reported
Rikau 36558 36558 194 Not Reported
River Amboi 36902 36902 101 Not Reported
River Moshi 36579 36579 2691 Not Reported
Ruma 36330 36330 812 Not Reported
Sambisa 7870 7870 523 Not Reported
Sambisa 300719 300719 165 Not Reported
Sambisa 36455 36455 165 Not Reported
Sambrero 37002 37002 137 Not Reported
Sanga River 36658 36658 238 Not Reported
Sangiwa 36341 36341 457 Not Reported
Sapoba 33149 33149 523 Not Reported
Seri 300841 300841 102 Not Reported
Shasha 300868 300868 308 Not Reported
Shegali 36249 36249 267 Not Reported
Stubbs Creek 7851 7851 294 Not Reported
Stubbs Creek 37027 37027 294 Not Reported
Swamp 36771 36771 132 Not Reported
Tara 36180 36180 164 Not Reported
Taylor Creek 39873 39873 216 Not Reported
Taylor Creek 37001 37001 216 Not Reported
Teshi 36576 36576 295 Not Reported
Tukulma 36479 36479 111 Not Reported
Udi/Nsukka 7846 7846 170 Not Reported
Ukpe-Sobo 36996 36996 158 Not Reported
Upper Imo River 37005 37005 101 Not Reported
Upper Ogun 300785 300785 2369 Not Reported
Upper Orashi Forests 903112 903112 251 Not Reported
Uremure Yokri 36995 36995 327 Not Reported
Usonigbe 36958 36958 324 Not Reported
Uwet Odot 37016 37016 242 Not Reported
Vobera 36577 36577 988 Not Reported
Wagur 36430 36430 209 Not Reported
Wasagu Sakaba 36356 36356 467 Not Reported
Wasaini 36346 36346 154 Not Reported
Wawa 36494 36494 531 Not Reported
West Anka 36357 36357 383 Not Reported
West Tangaza 36164 36164 697 Not Reported
Wushishi 36603 36603 121 Not Reported
Yamdugu 36240 36240 197 Not Reported
Yan Tumaki 36328 36328 138 Not Reported
Yankari 1332 1332 2387 IV
Yankari 36534 36534 2134 II
Yautare 36472 36472 121 Not Reported
Yerwa 36454 36454 119 Not Reported
Zala 36531 36531 347 Not Reported
Zamfara 36183 36183 2087 Not Reported
Zok 36690 36690 132 Not Reported
Zugurma 36570 36570 1467 Not Reported
Zurak 36691 36691 103 Not Reported
CSV
Terrestrial Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Cameroonian Highlands forests 0.82 21.05 7.8 23.46 63.32
Central African mangroves 1.67 7.09 23.43 58.94 17.82
Cross-Niger transition forests 1.89 2.59 2.59 100.0 100.0
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests 1.46 39.66 25.33 30.77 48.18
East Sudanian savanna 0.07 0.0 24.28 0.09 0.0
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic 24.42 11.48 16.09 39.68 28.32
Jos Plateau forest-grassland mosaic 1.22 9.03 9.03 100.0 100.0
Lake 0.36 99.37 7.94 0.38 4.76
Lake Chad flooded savanna 0.48 49.14 48.39 27.97 28.4
Mandara Plateau mosaic 0.15 0.0 0.22 21.88 0.0
Niger Delta swamp forests 1.32 8.17 8.17 100.0 100.0
Nigerian lowland forests 6.08 17.26 17.46 98.81 97.67
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic 0.01 64.8 15.16 0.01 0.05
Sahelian Acacia savanna 3.33 12.39 10.75 1.19 1.38
West Sudanian savanna 40.17 14.46 14.32 26.83 27.1
CSV
Marine Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Gulf of Guinea Central 4.14 0.03 2.08 49.46 0.62
CSV
Number of Amphibian, Bird and Mammal Species
Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Amphibia
108 13 0 5 8 6 89 0
Aves
882 22 1 6 15 22 835 3
Mammalia
321 32 4 8 20 14 244 31
Selected Indicator Trends
CSV
CSV
CSV
This World Bank indicator is not available for this country
CSV