ACP ENVIRONMENTAL OBSERVATORY
Status and Trends in the African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States

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Papua New Guinea

Capital: Port Moresby
World Bank Region: East Asia & Pacific
World Bank Income level: Lower middle income
Key Statistics & Quick Links
Land area (km2): 452,860 (2007)
 
Population (people): 6,387,470 (2007)
 
Population density (people per km2 land area): 14.10 (2007)
 
Population growth (annual): 2.4% (2007)
 
Life expectancy at birth (years): 61 (2007)
 
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 54 (2007)
 
GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): $1,795.98 (2007)
 
GDP growth (annual): 7.2% (2007)
Key Statistics & Quick Links: Biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area): 74.2% (2007)
 
Primary forest extent (1000 hectares): 20345 (2010)
 
Extent of FSC certified forests (hectares): 19920 (2011)
 
Terrestrial protected area (% of land area): 3.12% (2014)
 
Marine protected area (% of Exclusive Economic Zone): 0.19% (2014)

 
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Map Legend
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Protected Area Details
To get information about a protected area, enable the All Protected Areas (UNEP-WCMC) layer in the Map Layers and click on a protected area in the map.
All Protected Areas over 100km2
Name WDPA ID (Link to DOPA) WDPA ID (Link to BIOPAMA) Area (km2) IUCN Management Category
Bagiai (I) 4205 4205 184 VI
Baiyer River 3146 3146 198 Not Reported
Crater Mountain 106683 106683 2737 Not Reported
Hunstein Range 377712 377712 2272 Not Reported
Kamiali 220242 220242 451 Not Reported
Kokoda Memorial Park 377714 377714 197 Not Reported
Lake Kutubu 61533 61533 235 Not Reported
Lihir Island 15894 15894 200 Not Reported
Maza (I) 4202 4202 3316 VI
Moitaka Wildlife Sanctuary 17823 17823 197 Not Reported
Oi Mada Wara 15787 15787 225 Not Reported
Paga Hill National Park Scenic Reserve 19716 19716 197 Not Reported
Pirung 15788 15788 542 Not Reported
Pokili 4123 4123 121 Not Reported
Ranba 4203 4203 659 Not Reported
Ranba Wildlife Sanctuary 12888 12888 157 Not Reported
Siwi-Utame 9721 9721 121 Not Reported
Tonda 4200 4200 6060 Not Reported
Tonda Wildlife Management Area 68136 68136 5115 Not Reported
Wewak Peace Memorial Park 377711 377711 199 Not Reported
CSV
Terrestrial Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Admiralty Islands lowland rain forests 0.07 1.71 1.71 100.0 100.0
Central Range montane rain forests 3.39 3.23 20.29 56.49 9.0
Central Range sub-alpine grasslands 0.2 0.14 42.53 37.3 0.12
Huon Peninsula montane rain forests 0.58 0.06 0.06 100.0 100.0
Louisiade Archipelago rain forests 0.06 0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0
New Britain-New Ireland lowland rain forests 1.22 2.93 2.93 100.0 100.0
New Britain-New Ireland montane rain forests 0.42 0.53 0.53 100.0 100.0
New Guinea mangroves 0.21 1.82 19.55 22.1 2.06
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests 2.64 2.75 15.31 55.95 10.04
Northern New Guinea montane rain forests 0.23 0.0 16.77 28.48 0.0
Solomon Islands rain forests 0.33 0.13 1.84 26.13 1.81
Southeastern Papuan rain forests 2.7 1.07 1.07 100.0 100.0
Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests 1.72 0.0 7.77 49.28 0.01
Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests 1.64 1.05 6.99 38.35 5.78
Sulawesi lowland rain forests 0.0 0.0 9.58 0.01 0.0
Trans Fly savanna and grasslands 0.64 33.51 38.09 68.73 60.47
Trobriand Islands rain forests 0.15 6.17 6.17 100.0 100.0
CSV
Marine Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Arafura Sea 0.98 0.06 1.44 7.82 0.34
Bismarck Sea 2.02 0.75 0.75 100.0 100.0
Gulf of Papua 1.76 6.03 6.48 98.14 91.3
Papua 0.02 0.0 20.67 0.57 0.0
Solomon Archipelago 0.75 2.5 3.0 26.66 22.17
Solomon Sea 2.94 0.25 0.25 100.0 100.0
Southeast Papua New Guinea 0.37 1.08 1.08 100.0 100.0
Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef 0.01 12.61 62.79 0.14 0.03
CSV
Number of Amphibian, Bird and Mammal Species
Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Amphibia
268 11 1 0 10 0 144 113
Aves
768 44 1 4 39 52 657 15
Mammalia
283 42 12 18 12 14 179 48
Selected Indicator Trends
CSV
CSV
CSV
This World Bank indicator is not available for this country
CSV