What is the JRC?
The European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) is a department (Directorate-General, DG) of the European Commission (EC) providing independent scientific and technological support for policy-making of the European Union (EU). It works closely on the development of EU legislation with the relevant Commission services, such as the Agriculture and Rural Development (AGRI), Climate Action (CLIMA), Development and Cooperation – EuropeAid (DEVCO), Environment (ENV) and Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO) DGs.
Knowledge comes from specific application- and issue-oriented research within the seven JRC Institutes and close co-operation with over 1000 public and private organisations in 150 networks in Member State and applicant countries. The JRC also liaises with non-EU and global scientific and standard-setting bodies.
What is its purpose?
As the EC’s in-house science service, the JRC’s mission is to provide EU policies with independent, evidence-based scientific and technical support throughout the whole policy cycle. Working in close cooperation with the Commission’s policy Directorates-General, the JRC addresses key societal challenges while stimulating innovation through developing new methods, tools and standards, and sharing its know-how with the EU Member States, the scientific community and international partners.
How is it structured and resourced?
The JRC has seven scientific institutes, located at five different sites in Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain, with a wide range of laboratories and unique research facilities. Through numerous collaborations, access to many facilities is granted to scientists from partner organisations.
The JRC employs around 2750 staff coming from throughout and beyond the EU, and its budget comprises €330 million annually, coming from the EU's research budget. Further income is generated through the JRC's participation in indirect actions, additional work for Commission services and contract work for third parties, such as regional authorities and industry. The latest figures are available in the JRC annual report.
More information on the JRC is available here.