ACP ENVIRONMENTAL OBSERVATORY
Status and Trends in the African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States

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South Africa

Capital: Pretoria
World Bank Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
World Bank Income level: Upper middle income
Key Statistics & Quick Links
Land area (km2): 1,213,090 (2007)
 
Population (people): 48,596,781 (2007)
 
Population density (people per km2 land area): 40.30 (2007)
 
Population growth (annual): 1.4% (2007)
 
Life expectancy at birth (years): 52 (2007)
 
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 49 (2007)
 
GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): $11,289.43 (2007)
 
GDP growth (annual): 5.4% (2007)

 
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Protected Area Details
To get information about a protected area, enable the All Protected Areas (UNEP-WCMC) layer in the Map Layers and click on a protected area in the map.
Terrestrial Protected Areas over 100km2
Name WDPA ID (Link to DOPA) WDPA ID (Link to BIOPAMA) Area (km2) IUCN Management Category
Addo-Elephant National Park 875 875 1249 Not Reported
Agter Sneeuberg Private Nature 555563550 555563550 182 Not Reported
Aliwal Shoal Marine Protected Area 306179 306179 125 Not Reported
Amathole Marine Protected Area 351694 351694 248 Not Reported
Andries Vosloo Kudu Nature Reserve 555563563 555563563 213 Not Reported
Anysberg Provincial Nature Reserve 32825 32825 566 Not Reported
Atherstone Protected Natural Environment 555579295 555579295 264 Not Reported
Attakwaskloof Nature Reserve 555563502 555563502 103 Not Reported
Augrabies Falls National Park 878 878 483 Not Reported
Augulhas National Park 301881 301881 200 Not Reported
Barberton Nature Reserve 351107 351107 246 Not Reported
Baviaanskloof 62368 62368 154 IV
Baviaanskloof Conservation Area 300364 300364 273 Not Reported
Berg Plaatz 300373 300373 431 IV
Blouberg Private Nature Reserve 555564020 555564020 408 Not Reported
Blyderivierspoort Nature Reserve 1356 1356 296 Not Reported
Blyderivierspoort Private Nature Reserve 555579262 555579262 226 Not Reported
Boosmansbos Wilderness Area 555563489 555563489 140 Not Reported
Borakalalo National Park 300420 300420 149 Not Reported
Camdeboo National Park 4035 4035 187 Not Reported
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas 902347 902347 5586 Not Assigned
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 220267 220267 3862 Not Reported
Capricorn Private Nature Reserve 555563630 555563630 145 Not Reported
Chrissiesmeer Protected Environment 555563478 555563478 575 Not Reported
Club Ranch Private Nature Reserve 555563640 555563640 111 Not Reported
Coastal Forest Reserve 555563641 555563641 222 Not Reported
Compassberg Protected Environment 555563479 555563479 355 Not Reported
Corridor Game Reserve 555563645 555563645 216 Not Reported
De Hoop Marine Protected Area 315479 315479 289 Not Reported
De Hoop Nature Reserve 4029 4029 339 Not Reported
Dwesa-Cwebe Marine Protected Area 300546 300546 193 Not Reported
Emakhosini Ophathe Heritage Park 555563693 555563693 111 Not Reported
Garden Route National Park 881 881 1235 Not Reported
Gariep Nature Reserve 351303 351303 280 Not Reported
Giant's Castle Game Reserve 555563720 555563720 372 Not Reported
Goegap Provincial Nature Reserve 32828 32828 148 Not Reported
Golden Gate Highlands National Park 879 879 348 Not Reported
Groendal Wilderness Area 555563491 555563491 218 Not Reported
Groot-Winterhoek Wilderness Area 555563492 555563492 243 Not Reported
Guerna Wilderness Area 351289 351289 442 Not Reported
Hawequas Mountain Catchment Area 116401 116401 516 Not Reported
Haweqwa 351300 351300 427 Not Reported
Hluhluwe Game Reserve 116189 116189 144 Not Reported
Hottentots-Holland Mountain Catchment Area 351317 351317 244 Not Reported
Hottentotsholland Nature Reserve 555563518 555563518 260 Not Reported
HUWI i Private Nature Reserve 555563805 555563805 107 Not Reported
iSimangaliso Wetland Park 198302 198302 2521 Not Assigned
Itala Nature Reserve 1350 1350 293 Not Reported
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park 874 874 9590 Not Reported
Kammanassie Mountain Catchment Area 351348 351348 303 Not Reported
Karoo National Park 876 876 822 Not Reported
Karoo Nature Reserve 555563860 555563860 143 Not Reported
Klaserie Private Nature Reserve 300443 300443 590 Not Reported
Klein Swartberg Mountain Catchment Area 116404 116404 326 Not Reported
Kogelberg 7378 7378 199 II
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve 168204 168204 1083 Not Reported
Kosi Bay 68173 68173 173 Not Reported
Koue Bokkeveld Mountain Catchment Area 351379 351379 968 Not Reported
Kouga Wilderness Area 351381 351381 488 Not Reported
Kruger National Park 873 873 19180 Not Reported
Kruger to Canyons 900553 900553 28748 Not Reported
KwaMandlangampisi Protected Environment 555563481 555563481 285 Not Reported
Langeberg-East Mountain Catchment Area 351400 351400 407 Not Reported
Langeberg-Wes Mountain Catchment Area 351401 351401 633 Not Reported
Lennox Sebe Game Reserve 555563853 555563853 226 Not Reported
Loskop Dam Nature Reserve 4763 4763 236 Not Reported
Mabusa Nature Reserve 351099 351099 104 Not Reported
Madikwe Nature Reserve 39832 39832 543 Not Reported
Magaliesberg Protected Natural Environment 555563482 555563482 349 Not Reported
Makuleke Wetlands 903060 903060 109 Not Reported
Malekgalonyane Nature Reserve 351423 351423 102 Not Reported
Maloti-Drakensberg Park 900006 900006 2445 Not Assigned
Manyeleti Game Reserve 9072 9072 173 Not Reported
Mapungupwe National Park 308687 308687 152 Not Reported
Maputaland Marine Protected Area 315485 315485 385 Not Reported
Maputaland Marine Reserve 555579274 555579274 364 Not Reported
Marakele National Park 116257 116257 585 Not Reported
Marloth Nature Reserve 555563527 555563527 115 Not Reported
Matjies Rivier Provincial Nature Reserve 300345 300345 188 Not Reported
Matroosberg Mountain Catchment Area 351430 351430 823 Not Reported
Mdedelelo Wilderness Area 555563493 555563493 259 Not Reported
Mkhombo Nature Reserve 351104 351104 112 Not Reported
Mkuzi Game Reserve 555563944 555563944 333 Not Reported
Mokala National Park 555563463 555563463 260 Not Reported
Molopo Provincial Nature Reserve 32834 32834 241 Not Reported
Mount Anderson Catchment Nature Reserve 308691 308691 133 Not Reported
Mountain Zebra National Park 877 877 104 Not Reported
Mzimkulu Wilderness Area 555563496 555563496 285 Not Reported
Mzimkulwana Nature Reserve 555563529 555563529 291 Not Reported
Nababiep Nature Reserve 555563951 555563951 108 Not Reported
Namaqua National Park 308685 308685 1217 Not Reported
Natal Drakensberg Park 145552 145552 2249 Not Reported
Nature Reserve: Co-operation and Development 116363 116363 187 Not Reported
Ndumo Game Reserve 145553 145553 119 Not Reported
Ndumu Game Reserve 116329 116329 119 Not Reported
Nico Private Nature Reserve 555563974 555563974 102 Not Reported
Oviston Nature Reserve 4034 4034 323 Not Reported
Pafuri Nature Reserve 555563989 555563989 198 Not Reported
Philip Herd Private Nature Reserve 555563997 555563997 106 Not Reported
Pilanesberg National Park 9129 9129 503 Not Reported
Pondoland Marine Protected Area 306181 306181 1237 Not Reported
Prince Edward Island Marine Protected Area 555512160 555512160 181246 Not Reported
Prince Edward Island Special Nature Reserve 555563456 555563456 336 Not Reported
Prince Edward Islands 903059 903059 336 Not Reported
Richtersveld National Park 30851 30851 1624 Not Reported
Riviersonderend Mountain Catchment Area 300396 300396 453 Not Reported
Rooiberg Mountain Catchment Area 555563461 555563461 125 Not Reported
Sabie Sands Private Nature Reserve 351116 351116 596 Not Reported
Sandveld Nature Reserve 9084 9084 318 Not Reported
Schuinsdraai Nature Reserve 300451 300451 106 Not Reported
Sederberg Mountain Catchment Area 351570 351570 594 Not Reported
Sederberg Wilderness Area 555563498 555563498 628 Not Reported
Sixteen Mile Beach Marine Protected Area 315489 315489 107 Not Reported
Soloman Private Nature Reserve 555564055 555564055 167 Not Reported
Somkhanda Game Reserve 555564047 555564047 111 Not Reported
Songimvelo Game Reserve 39744 39744 553 Not Reported
St Lucia Marine Protected Area 315490 315490 442 Not Reported
St. Lucia Game Park 116275 116275 378 Not Reported
St. Lucia Marine Reserve 555579282 555579282 465 Not Reported
St. Lucia Park 555579283 555579283 156 Not Reported
St. Lucia System 68168 68168 1393 Not Reported
Sterkfontein Dam Nature Reserve 32879 32879 133 Not Reported
Sterkspruit Nature Reserve 9127 9127 109 Not Reported
Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve 1357 1357 113 Not Reported
Swartberg-Oos Mountain Catchment Area 351604 351604 105 Not Reported
Table Mountain National Park 300408 300408 218 Not Reported
Table Mountain National Park Marine Protected Area 306178 306178 956 Not Reported
Tankwa-Karoo National Park 32816 32816 1376 Not Reported
Tembe Elephant Park 39758 39758 299 Not Reported
Theewaters 351618 351618 143 Not Reported
Timbavati Private Nature Reserve 555564070 555564070 523 Not Reported
Tsitsikamma Marine Protected Area 315492 315492 264 Not Reported
Turtle Beaches/Coral Reefs of Tongaland 68167 68167 746 Not Reported
Tussen-die-Riviere Game Farm 1354 1354 183 Not Reported
Ukhahlamba Drakensberg Park 351631 351631 2304 Not Reported
Umbabat Private Nature Reserve 555564082 555564082 145 Not Reported
Umfolozi Game Reserve 555579297 555579297 445 Not Reported
Upper Mkhomazi Wilderness Area 555563499 555563499 490 Not Reported
Vaaldam Nature Reserve 300657 300657 253 Not Reported
Vredefort Dome 902483 902483 314 Not Assigned
Walker Bay Whale Sanctuary Marine Protected Area 555563467 555563467 112 Not Reported
Waterberg Biosphere Reserve 900554 900554 6523 Not Reported
West Coast National Park 17368 17368 331 Not Reported
Willem Pretorius Game Reserve 1355 1355 121 Not Reported
Winterhoek Mountain Catchment Area 351679 351679 513 Not Reported
Wolkberg Wilderness Area 555563500 555563500 193 Not Reported
Wonderkop Nature Reserve 62304 62304 133 Not Reported
Woody Cape Nature Reserve 555563544 555563544 125 Not Reported
Zululand Rhino Reserve 555564154 555564154 184 Not Reported
CSV
Terrestrial Ecoregions
Name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Albany thickets 0.62 7.37 7.37 100.0 100.0
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands 0.13 17.94 6.52 30.7 84.43
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests 6.47 6.33 5.73 88.36 97.61
Highveld grasslands 6.53 1.43 1.38 96.82 100.0
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands 0.38 14.9 32.17 3.11 1.44
Kalahari xeric savanna 6.0 6.41 12.59 28.14 14.32
Knysna-Amatole montane forests 0.11 14.73 14.73 100.0 100.0
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic 0.64 3.05 3.05 100.0 100.0
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld 1.19 14.5 14.5 100.0 100.0
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic 0.33 23.96 14.8 30.26 49.0
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets 0.71 2.05 2.05 100.0 100.0
Montane fynbos and renosterveld 1.66 30.17 30.17 100.0 100.0
Nama Karoo 10.72 1.43 3.49 84.3 34.45
Southern Africa bushveld 4.14 16.57 12.27 51.23 69.19
Southern Africa mangroves 0.03 15.5 23.01 90.25 60.8
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra 0.01 100.0 8.8 4.04 45.95
Succulent Karoo 2.97 4.3 23.1 79.91 14.87
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands 1.61 69.73 39.5 9.39 16.58
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